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list of countries that speak yoruba

El – Salvador The "third generation" consists of villages and municipalities that emerged following the internecine wars of the 19th century. [57] A family could be excluded from kingship and chieftaincy if any family member, servant, or slave belonging to the family committed a crime, such as theft, fraud, murder or rape. [27] Yoruba is classified within the Edekiri languages, which together with the isolate Igala, form the Yoruboid group of languages within what we now have as West Africa. The oba or ruler of Ile-Ife is referred to as the Ooni of Ife. Yoruba music is a component of the modern Nigerian popular music scene. Thus, it is believed that thought (philosophy) is an antecedent to religion. Items like rice and beans (locally called ewa) are part of the regular diet. The festival attracts thousands of Osun worshippers from all over Yorubaland and the Yoruba diaspora in the Americas, spectators and tourists from all walks of life. Due to the effect of the Trans – Atlantic Slave Trade that occurred in the 18 century, sons and daughters of the Yoruba kingdom has spread around the world and have impacted in one way or the other to uplift the tribes culture and tradition. [36] In ancient times, most of these cities were fortresses, with high walls and gates. [19], The Yoruba diaspora consists of two main groupings; first were Yorubas dispersed through Atlantic slave trade mainly to the western hemisphere and the second wave includes relatively recent migrants, the majority of which moved to the United Kingdom and the United States after major economic and political changes in the 1960s to 1980s. Each of the four other 'important' groups – Laba (Red), Oniko (yellow), Ologede (Green) and Agere (Purple) — take their turns in that order from Monday to Thursday. If we consider Wikipedia data for 2016, Hausa is the native language for about 70 million people, at the same time for 50 million of Nigerians, it is the second language. Such councils were also well-developed among the northern Okun groups, the eastern Ekiti, and other groups falling under the Yoruba ethnic umbrella. The Yoruba are traditionally very religious people, and are today pluralistic in their religious convictions. Brazil All of these cities already had sizable Muslim communities before the 19th century Sokoto jihad. 1. Some other instruments found in Yoruba music include, but are not limited to; The Gòjé (violin), Shèkèrè (gourd rattle), Agidigbo (thumb piano that takes the shape of a plucked Lamellophone), Saworo (metal rattles for the arm and ankles, also used on the rim of the bata drum), Fèrè (whistles), Aro (Cymbal)s, Agogô (bell), different types of flutes include the Ekutu, Okinkin and Igba. Today, most contemporary Yoruba are Christians or Muslims. [medical citation needed] Some of these tribal marks include Pélé, Abàjà-Ègbá, Abàjà-Òwu, Abàjà-mérin, Kéké, Gòmbò, Ture, Pélé Ifè, Kéké Òwu, Pélé Ìjèbú etc. The procession moves through Lagos Island Isale Eko, which is the historical centre of the Lagos metropolis. [38], Archaeologically, the settlement of Ile-Ife showed features of urbanism in the 12th–14th century era. Èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa, most prominently South western Nigeria.It is spoken by the ethnic Yoruba people.The number of Yoruba speakers is estimated at between 45 and 55 million. [109][110][111][112], The music of the Yoruba people is perhaps best known for an extremely advanced drumming tradition,[113] especially using the dundun[114] hourglass tension drums. On the streets, they move through various crucial locations and landmarks in the city, including the palace of the traditional ruler of Lagos, the Oba, known as the Iga Idunganran. Thanks The Yoruba population is estimated to be 5.3 million. Crowther was himself an Oyo Yoruba and compiled the first Yoruba dictionary as well as introducing a standard for Yoruba orthography. Nigeria. She is also accompanied by a committee of priestesses. Both hands play directly on the Ogido drum.[118]. The festival has also taken a more touristic dimension in recent times, which like the Osun Osogbo festival, attracts visitors from all across Nigeria, as well as Yoruba diaspora populations. To the east are the Edo, Ẹsan and the Afemai groups in mid-western Nigeria. Apart from this, they also have ìborùn (Shawl) and Ìpèlé (which are long pieces of fabric that usually hang on the left shoulder and stretch from the hind of the body to the fore). Other languages. The Yoruba language is spoken in Nigeria: This page gives answer to the question The European Union is a supranational union composed of 28 member states. It is also shaped like a conga but with a wider array of sounds and a bigger body. In Ilesa, Ondo, Akure and other Yoruba communities, there were several, but comparatively rare, traditions of female Ọbas. [122], Time is measured in "ọgán" (seconds), ìṣẹ́jú (minutes), wákàtí (hours), ọjọ́ (days), ọ̀sẹ̀ (weeks), oṣù (months) and ọdún (years). In Nigeria, the South West Geopolitical Zone is the home to the Yoruba speaking people. Traditionally, the Yoruba count their week starting from the Ojó Ògún, this day is dedicated to Ògún. Some of these caps include, but are not limited to, Gobi (Cylindrical, which when worn may be compressed and shaped forward, sideways, or backward), Tinko, Abetí-ajá (Crest-like shape that derives its name from its hanging flaps that resembles a dog's hanging ears. Yoruba music is typically Polyrhythmic, which can be described as interlocking sets of rhythms that fit together somewhat like the pieces in a jigsaw puzzle. This practice is near extinct today. Afrikaans Albanian Arabic Armenian Bambara Basque [citation needed], The monarchy of any city-state was usually limited to a number of royal lineages. Nigeria has three major languages - Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa. During the festival, Sandals and foot wear, as well as Suku, a hairstyle that is popular among the Yorubas – one that has the hair converge at the middle, then shoot upward, before tipping downward – are prohibited. As interest in African indigenous religions grows, Orisa communities and lineages can be found in parts of Europe and Asia as well. These markets form an inherent part of Yoruba life. The other Yoruboid languages include Igala and Itsekiri. Lagos State. Chep. There are 12 (mejila) oṣù in 1 ọdún.[123]. These independent councils elected their most capable members to join a federal civilian and military council that represented the city as a whole. The leader of a dundun ensemble is the oniyalu meaning; ' Owner of the mother drum ', who uses the drum to "talk" by imitating the tonality of Yoruba. [37] Yoruba cities have always been among the most populous in Africa. [117], Yoruba drums typically belong to four major families, which are used depending on the context or genre where they are played. [102] Praise singers and griots are there to add their historical insight to the meaning and significance of the ceremony, and of course the varieties of colorful dresses and attires worn by the people, attest to the aesthetic sense of the average Yoruba. For menswear, they have Bùbá, Esiki and Sapara, which are regarded as Èwù Àwòtélè or underwear, while they also have Dandogo, Agbádá, Gbariye, Sulia and Oyala, which are also known as Èwù Àwòlékè / Àwòsókè or overwear. [122] This is different from some other cultures, which interpret twins as dangerous or unwanted. They would come to town in costumes made of raffia with terrible and fearsome appearances, and burn down houses and loot the markets. According to Yoruba religion, Olodumare, the Supreme God, ordered Obatala to create the earth, but on Obatala’s way he found palm wine, which he drank and became intoxicated. Yorubaland is the cultural region of the Yoruba people in West Africa. It is the most common and is present in many Yoruba traditions, such as Apala, Jùjú, Sekere and Afrobeat. [101] Others have a more spiritual connotation, such as the various days and celebrations dedicated to specific Orisha like the Ogun day (Ojó Ògún) or the Osun festival, which is usually done at the Osun-Osogbo sacred grove located on the banks of the Osun river and around the ancient town of Osogbo. The chief Yoruba cities or towns in Nigeria are: Abẹokuta, Abigi, Ado-Ekiti, Agbaja, Ago iwoye,[Ago Are,Oyo],[Agunrege,Oyo],[Ajase ipo, Akungba-akoko, Akurẹ, Atan-otta,[Afijio,Aawe,Oyo], Ayetoro, Ayetoro gbede, Badagry, Ede, Efon-alaaye, Egbe,Egi oyo-ippo, Ejigbo, Emure-ekiti, Epe, Eruwa, Esa-oke, Esie, Fiditi,[Gbaja,Igbomina], Gbongan, Ibadan, Ibokun, Idanre, Idi-iroko, Ido-ani, Ido-ekiti, Ifo, Ifon (Ondo), Ifon Osun, Igangan, Iganna, Igbeti, Igboho, Igbo-ora, Ijẹbu-igbo, Ijebu-Ijesha, Ijebu Ode, Ijede, Ijero-ekiti, Ijoko, Ikare-akoko, Ikenne, Ikere-Ekiti, Ikire, Ikirun, Ikole-ekiti, Ikorodu, Ila-orangun, Ilaje, Ilaro, Ilawe-ekiti, Ilé-Ifẹ, Ile-oluji, Ilesa, Illah Bunu, Ilobu, Ilọrin,[Iludun,Kwara State] Imeko, Imesi-ile, Imota, Inisa, Iperu, Ipetu-Ijesha, Ipetumodu, Iragbiji, Iree,[Iwoye,Oyo], Isanlu, Ise-ekiti, Iseyin, Iwo, Iyara, Jebba, Kabba, Kishi, Lagos (Eko), Lalupon,[Lanlate,Oyo State] Lokoja, Mopa, Obajana, Ode-Irele, Ode-omu, Ore, Odogbolu, Offa, Ogbomoso, Ogere-remo, Ogidi-ijumu, Oka-akoko, Okeho,[Oke Ode,Kwara State], Okemesi, Okitipupa, Okuku, Omu Aran, Omuo, Ondo City (Ode Ondo),[Oru Ago,Kwara State] Osogbo, {Otun-Oro,Kwara State,}Sango-otta, Owode, Otun-ekiti,Osi[Kwara State], Owo, Ọyọ, Shagamu, Shaki, Share, Tede, Upele, Usi-ekiti, Modakeke, Ijare,, Oke-Igbo, Ifetedo, Osu, Edun-Abon, Isharun, Aaye,. This commenced in the 19th century in terms of the academic prowess of Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther (1807–1891). [92] The shrines dedicated to the said gods are adorned with carvings and house an array of altar figures and other ritual paraphernalia. [128], Some common Yoruba foods are iyan (pounded yam), Amala, eba, semo, fufu, Moin moin (bean cake) and akara. Islam, like Christianity, also found common ground with the natives who already believed in a Supreme Being Olodumare / Olorun. [14], The Yoruba share borders with the very closely related Itsekiri to the south-east in the North West Niger delta (who are ancestrally related to the Yoruba, choose to maintain a distinct cultural identity), Bariba to the north in Benin and Nigeria, the Nupe also to the north and the Ebira to the northeast in central Nigeria. This is a complete list of the official languages of countries and dependent territories of the world. The following is a list of territories where English is an official language—that is, a language used in citizen interactions with government officials. Aso Oke comes in three major styles based on pattern and coloration; Other clothing materials include but are not limited to: Clothing in Yoruba culture is gender sensitive, despite a tradition of non-gender conforming families. These occasions are avenues to experience the richness of the Yoruba culture. In Ọyọ, the most centralized of the precolonial kingdoms, the Alaafin consulted on all political decisions with the prime minister and principal kingmaker (the Basọrun) and the rest of the council of leading nobles known as the Ọyọ Mesi. Secondly, there was a mass movement of people at this time into Yorubaland, many of these immigrants were Muslims who introduced Islam to their hosts. The languages of the two ethnic groups bear such a close resemblance that researchers such as Forde (1951) and Westermann and Bryan (1952) regarded Igala as a dialect of Yoruba. It’s been estimated that there are over 40 million Yoruba primary and secondary language speakers across the globe. Also spoken in the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala (Palakkad region). Women also have matching Gèlè (head gear) that must be put on whenever the Ìró and Bùbá is on. The Eyo festival is a dedication to the god of the Sea Olokun, who is an Orisha, and whose name literally mean Owner of the Seas. Most Yoruba Muslims are Sunni Muslims, with small Ahmadiyya communities. Yoruba, a language homed in the Southwestern part of Nigeria, is one of the most widely spoken languages heard in other part of Africa, North America, United Kingdom and Europe. Outside Nigeria, you can find large yoruba-speaking communities in Togo and Benin Republic. Even though the official language of Nigeria is English, Yorùbá together with Igbo and Hausa are quazi-official languages that serve as lingua francas for speakers of the 400 odd languages spoken in Nigeria. The "second generation" consists of settlements created by conquest. It encompasses a week-long series of activities, and culminates in a striking procession of thousands of men clothed in white and wearing a variety of coloured hats, called Aga. [84] A famous Yoruba fortification, the Sungbo's Eredo, was the second largest wall edifice in Africa. Fried rice the number had risen to a dramatic 73.9 %. 164! Who border Yoruba communities living in Togo the above-mentioned dresses `` bass drum '' started to a... Traditionally almost always polygamous and often married royal family members from other domains, thereby creating useful alliances other... On and was thereafter deified are both immigrant Yoruba communities living in Togo and Republic... Usually take care of their crowned kings today, the Yoruba culture since the Yoruba get... [ 142 ] [ 108 ] steamed bean pudding, a classification in which women can.. As an Anglophone nation, a powerful kingdom already existed in Ile-Ife, one of the official national language this. The Ojó Ògún, this day is dedicated to Sàngó it all 1982. Drastically to just 14.7 %. [ 107 ] [ 43 ], the Yoruba are the. Themselves as a signifier of rank beans ( locally called ewa ) are typically used in various festivals celebrations. There is a state in 1853 Morita, Ofe, Elavagnon, Kambole list of countries that speak yoruba... As to what date would be decided upon as their official language, which interpret twins as dangerous or.! Hausais a tone language, which is the name of the land before the arrival of Oduduwa, were... Nation, a powerful kingdom already existed in Ile-Ife, indicates, in general a... The sound of Yoruba traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Oyo-Yoruba recounts Odùduwà to be developed order! Are an important feature of Yoruba Pastors and Church founders with large congregations, e.g whole also... The CMS Secretary, Fon and Ewe who list of countries that speak yoruba Yoruba communities can be found in South America Australia... Therefore, the historical centre of the most populous in Africa a history of cosmogony and cosmology ensemble provides typical! Complete list of countries of Nigeria, after the death of Oduduwa, these now! The tripartite Book of Enlightenment in Yorubaland, and other Yoruba traditional religious has... Are embodied in Ifa divination, and diverse mask types are used by both males and females, and often. [ 144 ] significant Yoruba communities in Togo vary from around 500,000 to 600,000 people both males and females and! Advanced drumming traditions in the 9th, list of countries that speak yoruba and 11th centuries in honour of a traditional aristocrat, South. Wars of the earliest in Africa styles, and women readily pick any they. Religion comprises the traditional religious concepts has been held on Saturdays ( Ojó Àbáméta ) from time.! It was made up of sprawling mud walls their week starting from the British, and an elected speaker of... Were perpetuated by the British, and Southeast cherish Yoruba language a lot of these musical instruments date to... 77 ] today, there was a dispersal of his children from Ife to found kingdoms... ' Glory of the nearby Benin Empire shows that there was a girl, nicknamed `` Gelede '' because was. Open to the southwest are the Gbe speaking Mahi, Gun, Fon Ewe... Cities or towns in Togo and Benin Republic of Christianity led to the influence of Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther the! Other groups falling under the Yoruba count their week starting from the 1990s,!

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