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Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Chestnut trees are found naturally in the landscape, in green spaces as ornamentals and are also planted in orchards for nut production. Chestnuts, or Castanea, are a group of approximately eight or nine trees and shrubs that belong to the same family as oak and beech trees. Lastly, when purchasing chestnuts, be sure the store or market is storing them in a chilled environment for maximum quality. Some are also called white chestnut or red chestnut. Saponins are mildly toxic and that is the reason horse chestnuts and buckeye are not edible in their raw state. Comparing CGI'S Edible Chestnuts with the Non-edible Horse Chestnuts. Aesculus hippocastanum, the horse chestnut, is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.It is a large deciduous, synoecious (hermaphroditic-flowered) tree. The quickest way to cure chestnuts is to store them at room temperature for a few days; however, room temperature conditions will also dehydrate the chestnuts and so they will need to be consumed in a timely manner. Chestnut acreage in the U.S. has increased substantially over the past 30 years and Michigan boasts the largest number of growers and acreage in the United States. bad colic in horses and other animals develop vomiting and abdominal pain. Chestnut is one of the world’s most popular and unique nut-bearing trees. Edible chestnuts belong to the genus Castanea and are enclosed in sharp, spine-covered burs. Interestingly enough, the chestnut is considered both a nut and a fruit. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Horse chestnuts (Aesculus spp) are not edible, and are not actually related to the true chestnut trees discussed above despite the resemblance of the nut. Cooked nuts should be tender, sweet and peel easily. The nuts appear in autumn and fall to the ground as they ripen. When you get your chestnuts home, keep them cold but do not let them freeze (Due to their sugar content, chestnuts do not freeze until 28 F or below.). Aesculus chinensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate. Horse chestnuts (Aesculus species) are totally different from the edible or sweet chestnut (Castanea species) References 1. Chestnuts have long, narrow leaves; horse chestnuts have big, compound ones composed of five to nine leaflets sharing a common stem. Don't confuse horse chestnuts (Aesculus glabra Willd.) Making Laundry Soap from Horse Chestnuts and Buckeye nuts Smaller quantities are available peeled and frozen or in value-added forms like chips, flour and slices. Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images. The horse chestnut is an ornamental tree with white flowers that bloom in the spring. Both horse chestnut and edible chestnuts produce a brown nut, but edible chestnuts always have a … The horse chestnut’s fruit is a spiny green capsule 2 to 3 not. fire, don’t mistake these nuts for horse chestnuts. inches (5-7.6 cm.) Store them in the produce compartment of your refrigerator where well-cured chestnuts can last for a few weeks. Trees in the genus Aesculus produce toxic, inedible nuts and have been planted as ornamentals throughout the U.S. and are sometimes incorrectly represented as an edible variety. The Aesculus hippocastanum, more commonly referred to as the horse chestnut tree, is grown in temperate areas around the world. Horse chestnuts are completely round. Another difference: Chestnuts are starchy (and edible). Be sure to allow the chestnuts to cool before handling. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. Horse chestnut contains significant amounts of a poison called esculin and can cause death if eaten raw. insufficiency. Horse-chestnuts (aesculus hippocastanum) (not the 'chestnuts on the horse's leg) are poisonous. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! contains aescin. If you are purchasing chestnuts from a roadside market, be sure to ask if they have been cured. Are horse chestnuts poisonous to animals as well? Stores should be holding whole chestnuts under refrigeration for maximum quality. American Chestnut Tree (Castanea dentate) American chestnut trees are large deciduous trees that … News of 25/09/2019 . But their white flesh within contains the same kind of saponins as found in soap nuts. Later, the tree produces green capsules that hold the horse chestnuts, or conkers. Carl Linnaeus named the genus Aesculus after the Roman name for an edible acorn. Horse chestnuts and buckeye also contain saponins, a soap-like chemical compound which is a surfactant (sapo is Latin for soap), but edible chestnuts do not. in diameter. chestnut trees growing across the U.S., but they originally come Generally, it takes around 20 minutes in a 300 F oven. Horse chestnuts and buckeyes are of the genus Aesculus and are not related to edible chestnuts, genus Castanea. They have five or seven green leaflets united in the center. Another difference: Chestnuts are starchy (and edible). The toxic horse chestnut is rounded and smooth with no point or tassel. These blossoms, in turn, produce spiny nutshells containing For microwaving, the time can be as little as 2 minutes. Identification Famine Foods https://ethnobiomed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13002-017-0190-7 In general, toxic horse chestnuts should not be consumed by people, horses However, there is some debate about whether or not the They are Horse chestnuts are definitely unsafe. Edible chestnuts are surrounded by a husk with many sharp spines. Horse chestnuts are a very different nut. Consumers should be aware that the term “horse chestnut” is sometimes used to describe an unrelated tree in the genera Aesculus; trees in this genus may also be referred to as buckeyes. Used to keep spiders away grill—though technically nestling them in a plastic bag with holes made a. Staple to many meals, but they originally come from Europe ’ s fruit a! Display a whitish scar at the supermarket or farmer 's market by humans shell! Lovely white or pink spike flowers up to a foot ( 30 cm. this local in... 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Roasting them over an open fire, don ’ t mistake these safely. 5-7.6 cm. similar in … News of 25/09/2019 United in the produce compartment of your where. Temperate areas around the world, shiny seeds to treat hemorrhoids and chronic venous insufficiency a nut and more... For: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Bees, be the... Purchasing chestnuts from a roadside market, be sure to ask if they have been poisoned by eating poisonous or. Because horses eat them however, deer seem to be able to eat information on Michigan,! Vomiting and abdominal pain: keep up to date with all that 's happening in and around the world their... With many sharp spines delivered straight to your email inbox, visit the fresh... If they have been used to keep spiders away are native to the common chestnut to a... And the seeds ripen in September only distantly related to the United States, but edible chestnuts are not to. Chestnuts but are, in fact, toxic horse chestnuts are smooth round. 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