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DETERMINANTS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ DIVERSIFICATION OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES: A CASE OF INTSIKA YETHU FARMERS OF THE EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA. Therefore, there is need to sensitize rural Msc in Tropical Coastal Management in University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom and Biologist from National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. Therefore, the identification of factors that are necessary for livelihood diversification are crucial. The results show that livelihood assets have been unequally distributed, with FH possessing the least assets; however, FH are better than UHH and SHH in the diversification of livelihood activities. In Environmental and Natural Resource Economics from Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia) – University of Maryland (USA); and Forestry Engineering from Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas (Colombia). She has also studied ecosystem services valuation and socio-ecological systems resilience to climatic stressors. The Simpson Index of Diversity shows moderate diversification (0.42) indicating a complementary role of farm and nonfarm activities. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. Sierra Papacal, C.P. Abstract. The study concludes that the farm sources of income contribute more to the livelihood of the rural people than the non-farm sources of income and hence having play crucial role in the reduction of poverty. MSc. The results reveal four common variables distributed between capitals and specify that average household age, environmental consciousness, characteristics of the land, membership or participation in an organization (cooperative) and government transfers are determinants of a household's diversification into wildlife tourism. Determinants of livelihood diversification strategies in Eastern Tigray Region of Ethiopia Abstract. Based on household surveys, two econometric models were used to examine the differences regarding the asset determinants for those households increasing the number of economic activities and those involved in wildlife tourism. Livelihood diversification by agricultural households in sub-Saharan Africa contributes significantly to household income. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 7(5), 32-39. retrieved from www.iiste.org. However, little has been done on the determinants of choice of alternative sets of strategies by households as well as the livelihood strategies chosen by resettled households. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. PhD in Environmental Economics and Ecosystem Management in York University, United Kingdom. Government transfers is crucial for households involved in wildlife tourism. Results reveal that households choose multiple livelihood options. PhD in Natural Resource Economics and Sustainable Development from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. In recent years, her research has been focused on studying the diversification of rural households, as a way to understand from a broad perspective how to promote sustainable wildlife tourism. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021. Maniriho, A. In recent years, her research has been focused on the analysis of economic instruments and different alternatives for natural resource preservation, seeking an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from preservation policies in Colombia and Mexico. Livelihood diversification is one of the essential climate adaptation strategies with positive outcomes on household’s standard of living. Therefore, the objective of this was The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. Based on household surveys, two econometric models were used to … The extent of such diversification away from agriculture may be an indicator of the degree to which farming operations can provide a secure and improving livelihood. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Msc in Tropical Coastal Management in University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom and Biologist from National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). MSc. The purpose of this study is to analyse the options and determinants of livelihood diversification (LD) strategies adopted by farmers in the coastal region of Bangladesh. Due to this in most African and Asian countries, including Ethiopia, migration from rural to From 13 hypothesized explanatory variables, 5 variables were found to have significant effect in determining diversification of household livelihood decisions. 97302, Mérida, Yucatán, México. Livelihood diversification is a process by … Education, household size, and income were significant predictors of diversification. Livelihood diversification is a strategy to avoid the risk associated with shocks and to improve livelihood security. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. Gender, marital status, poverty status, primary occupation and membership of association were significant factors that influenced livelihood diversification of the rural households in the study area. Anshiso, D., & Shiferaw, M. (2016). Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. Permanent Address: Cátedra Conacyt – CentroGeo. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. 97302, Mérida, Yucatán, México. Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification: The Case of Rural Households in Lemmo District, Hadiyya Zone of Southern Ethiopia. PhD in Natural Resource Economics and Sustainable Development from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. She has also studied ecosystem services valuation and socio-ecological systems resilience to climatic stressors. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Determinants of livelihood diversification: The case wildlife tourism in four coastal communities in Oaxaca, Mexico. According to the diverse local context studied, she has worked to link through socio-ecological systems framework social, cultural and institutional elements with economic and environmental local characteristics. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. The study conducted in the state of West Bengal has identified the determinants and constraints to livelihood diversification among different livelihood groups. livelihood diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Determinants of livelihood diversification: The case wildlife tourism in four coastal communities in Oaxaca, Mexico. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Policy recommendations include focusing on households with young people, providing support for social capital and policy coherence to guarantee basic needs and tourism planning design. There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. Those determinants were classified into five types of livelihood assets/capitals, namely, human, financial, social, natural, and physical capital. However, … Full time Researcher in the Economics Research Institute at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). 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