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In rodent lung, elastic arteries are large arteries with a medial layer consisting of alternating layers of concentric elastic lamina and smooth muscle cells. Wear eye protection Disinfect the work space and wash your hands Cushion the bench to stop masses falling. Budding biologists will find out which blood vessel can stretch furthest, recording their data in a table then answering several questions evaluating their work and safety procedures. Layers of Arteries and Veins, Tunica intima. The artery with mass varied from 10-29%. Elastic fibers provide elastic recoil without damage in tissues and organs of the reproductive tract that need to be both strong and extensible to function. suggest why arteries close to the heart have more elastic fibres in their walls than arteries further away from the heart. Oct 21, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Julie Jones. The elastic recoil helps to smooth out the blood flow during diastole . c. arteries receive blood from ventricles/heart / carry blood away from heart. 3. Veins on the other hand don’t have that much of an elastic component and therefore lack recoil ability and consequently the blood pressure is relatively low in the veins. The walls of veins are thinner and less elastic than arteries, but they are also more flexible. Refers to the inner most layer composed of endothelial cells with connective tissue with elastic fibers. To oppose such recoil, balloon-expandable metal stents were implanted in artificially stenotic renal arteries in pigs and normal renal arteries in dogs and pigs. The engaging and detailed PowerPoint and accompanying resources have been designed to cover point 1.3 of the Pearson Edexcel A-level Biology A (Salters Nuffield) specification. Dispose of all animal material according to your teacher’s instructions. Add masses and measure the change in length and extent to which the vessel returns to its original length . Function: Elastic arteries are conducting arteries. They generally have around 3 layers of smooth muscle cells and the internal elastic lamina is absent. As blood moves through smaller arterioles into capillaries, and then into venules and veins, its velocity and pressure drop continuously. Structure and function of tissues . The stents were then examined angiographically and histologically at regular intervals. Right ventricle = 7mm width respectively. Purpose: Elastic recoil of the arterial wall has been shown to be responsible for a significant loss of luminal area after balloon angioplasty in the coronary arteries, but it has not been well studied in the peripheral arteries. Muscular arteries are distributing arteries. This Elastic Recoil in Arteries and Veins Lesson Plan is suitable for 9th - 12th Grade. The external elastic lamina is only present in larger arterioles. Disinfect your work area thoroughly after the procedure. There is a gradual transition from elastic arteries to the smaller muscular arteries, in contrast to other species, in which branching of the arteries is associated with abrupt changes in wall thickness or lumen size. Rishi is a pediatric infectious disease physician and works at Khan Academy. Arteries have a smaller bore and thick walls. You can explore tissues using microscopy, and by looking at the overall properties of suitable samples. Arteries and veins are structurally and functionally distinct. Safety. They have the greatest amount of elastin, enabling them to expand. The elastic recoil helps conserve the energy from the pumping heart and smooth out the pulsatile nature created by the heart. Part A: Elastic recoil in arteries and veins Activity 1.5 Investigating arteries and veins Technician A1.05T Salters-Nuffield Advanced Biology, Harcourt Education Ltd 2005. Aortic pressure is highest at the aorta and becomes less pulsatile and lower pressure as blood vessels divide into arteries, arterioles, and capillaries such that flow is slow and smooth for gases and nutrient exchange. Muscular arteries can constrict and relax which change their diameter. In part B they look at the histology of the blood vessels using a microscope. Largest; Relatively thin walls compared to their diameter b. *Adventitia is the most prominent layer in veins. d. lumen of artery is small to keep pressure high. This is not a problem as the arteries, being closer to the heart, have to withstand a much higher pressure than the veins do. Method for data collection. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Capillaries have a larger bore and the wall is of one cell in thickness. The artery walls contain collagen and elastic tissues which allow it to stretch and recoil, where as the veins do not have as much connective tissue containing collagen fibres. The elastic recoil of arterial walls helps maintain the pressure and flow to capillaries. Elastic recoil in arteries and veins practical. Veins have a larger bore and thin walls. Left ventricle = 2cm. The arteries are further classified as elastic arter-ies, muscular arteries, and arterioles. *Media is the most prominent layer in arteries, and this helps arteries to accommodate high pressure. Types of Arteries 1. 8. The theory that left part of the heart is bigger was proved. The elasticity helps to change the pulsating flow of blood. STUDY. Elastic recoil of the vessel wall is a common cause of failure of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in renal arteries. Elastic recoil in arteries and veins The objectives of this activity are for you: to practise experimental skills to explore the elastic properties of the major blood vessels to relate biological structure to function. piece of vein) and measure how elastic they are. When the heart relaxes, the recoil propels blood onward. To have more precise result in experiment with elastic recoil in arteries and veins experiment should be repeated more than one time using different sample of veins and artery. e. arteries have thick (muscular) walls (with elastic fibres) to withstand pressure. walls of arteries and veins have tunica externa, media and intima. As with veins, arteries are comprised of three layers: the tunicae intima, media, and externa. Although both share a thin inner endothelial lining, the arterial system develops a more extensive series of outer layers of elastic fibers and smooth muscle. the arteries drops. Arterioles Page 8. Byer A(1), Ussia G, Galleti G. Author information: (1)Department of Surgery, Hackensack University Medical Center, UMDNJ Medical School, USA. A lab in which high schoolers examine the difference between arteries and veins. Histologically the wall of vein also made up of three layers namely, outer tunica externa, middle tunica media and inner tunica interna. SAFETY: Wear eye protection. In its journey from the heart to the tissues, the blood passes through channels of six principal types: elastic arteries, muscular arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules and veins. your own Pins on Pinterest Theelastic ar-teries or conducting arterieshave a high density ofelastic fibers that help them withstand the pressure changes that occur in the cardiac cycle. 1. Each tissue in the body contains cells of different types that are specialised to suit their function. *So, veins make bag-like structures to help in returning the blood from tissues back towards the heart. This fully-resourced lesson explores how the structure of arteries, veins and capillaries relates to their functions. Metarterioles. PLAY. Until recently, it was thought that arteries and veins acquired these differences in response to differing blood flow rates and pressure. Examples: aorta, pulmonary trunk, common carotid, subclavian c. Ventricular systole conducting arteries expand to receive bld d. Ventricular diastole arteries recoil e. Allows for control of BP f. Disinfect your work area thoroughly after the procedure. 8 of 33. elastic arteries: An artery with a large number of collagen and elastin filaments, giving it the ability to stretch in response to each pulse. what are arterioles? *Veins are under less pressure. In arteries, the tunica media, which contains smooth muscle cells and elastic tissue, is thicker than that of veins so it can modulate vessel caliber and thus control and maintain blood pressure. Boardworks Ltd 2008 Arteries, capillaries and veins. There are thick muscle layers and elastic fibers present. Eur J Vasc Surg 4, 617-623 (1990) Thrombogenicity of Metallic Vascular Stents in Arteries and Veins-- An Experimental Study in Pigs H&kan P~irsson, Lars Norgren, Krasnodar Ivancev1, Johan Th~rne and Bo-Anders J6nsson2 Department of Surgery, 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology and 2Department of Radiation Physics University of Lund, Lund, Sweden. An experimental study to assess and compare patency and intimal hyperplastic response. In arteries, the outer margin has layer of elastic fibers (internal elastic membrane) Layers of Arteries and Veins, tunica media. See how arteries behave like sling shots, shooting blood (not rocks) onwards! This is not a problem as the arteries, being closer to the heart, have to withstand a much higher pressure than the veins do. to relate biological structure to function. Key Terms. Arteries with a diameter of less than 0.1mm are classed as arterioles. Classification of Arteries. In this system, the arteries show a progressive diminution in diameter as they recede from the heart, from about 25 mm in the aorta to 0.3 mm in some arterioles. The elastic fibres allow the artery walls to stretch to accommodate surges in pressure. Muscular Arteries 3. Flow: The flow is equal in both, the arteries and the veins, as the blood is flowing in a closed circuit. Procedure . Like arteries, the walls of veins are lined with epithelium and contain smooth muscle. Elastic Arteries 2. ; tunica media: The middle layer of a vein wall with bands of thin smooth muscle. Using precise measurement apparatus to have precise data about length. 7 of 33. The artery walls contain collagen and elastic tissues which allow it to stretch and recoil, where as the veins do not have as much connective tissue containing collagen fibres. Autologous vein lined and vein covered stents in swine arteries. to explore the elastic properties of the major blood vessels. Elastic recoil in arteries and veins. Arteries that supply capillary beds are known as metarterioles. The objectives of this activity are for you: to practise experimental skills. Hang the section of blood vessel from a paper clip on a clamp stand. Elastic Arteries (Aorta and Branches) • Elastic arteries are closest to the heart and experience the greatest pressure as the heart forces blood into them. Elastic arteries can stretch and recoil again in response to the pressure. 14 B. But all the layers are thin. Conducting (Elastic) Arteries a. Veins have wider lumen, and their walls are thinner and less elastic. Start studying Arteries and Veins. Discover (and save!) This regulates the blood supply according to the need. *Arteries are under a huge pressure. there is greater hydrostatic pressure in the blood closer to the heart. Procedure SAFETY: Wear eye protection. 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